2007 – 2010 Holden Astra AH 1.8L Z18XER
2009 – 2016 Holden Cruze JG/JH 1.8L F18D4
All Head Services have had numerous occurrences where a customer has called after fitting a Z18XER or F18D4 cylinder head with the complaint of a rattle in the VVT (Variable Valve Timing) phasers, the check engine light is on, and the engine is lacking power. It could be a few things, but is it usually the first one.
The VVT system alters the cam timing via a cam phaser mounted in the cam sprocket. In these engines, the oil is directed to the phasers via the camshafts which are hollow. Inside each camshaft behind the VVT phaser bolts are black plastic oil flow tubes. These tubes direct the flow of the oil to the correct side of the phaser.
The usual cause of the rattles is when a new head or camshafts are fitted, and the plastic oil flow tubes are left out. The tubes are crucial fo rthe correct flow of oil. Without the tubes in place, oil is not being fed to the VVT phasers which in turn cases the phasers to rattle, lack of power and the DTC’s recorded. The tubes MUST be fitted into the ends fo rthe camshaft before the pasers and bolts are mounted.
If the filters break and rotate on the camshaft position actuator solenoids, you should remove all of the filters from both the intake and exhaust camshaft position actuator solenoids.
The above describes a reassembly error as the cuase of the VVT rattles. However, there can be others.
If a vehicle presents with the same symptons and the following DTC’s:
* P0011: Intake camshaft position system performance
* P0014: Exhaust camshaft position system performance
* P000A: Intake camshaft position system slow response
* P000B: Exhaust camshaft position system slow response
The next thing to check is the filters on both the intake and exhaust camshaft position actuator solenoids (mounted on the sides of the head behind the timing belt). Remove the solenoids and check if the filters are broken. If so, this will allow the filters to rotate which reduces the oil flow, and causes the same symptoms.
Holden has released a service fix which instructs technicians to remove all of the filters and refit the solenoids without filters. Their engineers have decided that the filters are only required when the engine is being run in, so it is OK to remove them. This should restore normal operation of the VVT system and the codes can be cleared and not return. If not, check for electrical faults and oil pressure issues. If both are OK, then replace the phasers.
The camshafts can also be fitted incorrectly, so they have been marked. The intake cam has a “G” beside the second last lobe. The exhaust cam has a “D” in the same place. An “I” and “E” would have made more sense, but who am I to judge.